Working the land
Warming up and reading1
Unit 2 Working the land
Warming up – I ( 5ms ) Answer the following questions:
Have you ever been to the countryside? what did you do there?
Are you from a farmer’s family? what do you know about farming? soil crops weather &climate ploughing
…… Irrigating (灌溉)
Agriculture in the past
Agriculture in the modern times
Pre-reading ( 4ms )
Answer the following questions:
What is the main food in all East Asian and Southeast Asian countries? Rice. It is said that there are 2.4 billion people to eat rice every day throughout the world.
What do you think would happen if tomorrow there was suddenly no rice to eat?
If that happened, people there would suffer from starvation. People would be panic(惊慌) and the whole country would get into trouble.
袁隆平人物简历 袁隆平被誉为中国的“杂交水稻之父”. 中国农民 说，吃饭靠“两平”，一靠邓小平----制定了生产承包 责任制的政策，二靠袁隆平----发明了杂交稻。 袁隆平，男，１９３０年９月出生于北京，１９ ５３年毕业于西南农学院农学系。毕业后，一直从事 hybrid rice; System of 农业教育及杂交水稻研究。 Production 在中国人民正闹饥荒的20世纪60年代，袁隆平提 Responsibility; 出了杂交水稻的概念，这种新型水稻具有高产量的特 institute; 点。10年后，他研制成功了一种产量比一般水稻高出 suffer the famine; 20%的新型水稻。 袁隆平一生献身于农业研究，先后受到联合国教 Yield; UNESCO, 科文组织、粮农组织的称誉。袁隆平虽已年届７０岁， FAO. 仍然一如既往地从事农业研究。
Listen to the tape and answer the following questions:
1.What does Dr Yuan look like? 2.What’s his achievement? 3.What do you think of him?
1.What does Dr Yuan look like?
He has a sunburnt face and arms and a slim, strong body. He is more like a farmer than a scientist.
2.What’s his achievement?
He grows what is called super hybrid rice, which makes it possible to produce one-third more of the crop in the same fields. Using his hybrid rice farmers’ producing harvests twice as large as before.
3.What do you think of him?
He doesn’t like money because he gives millions of yuan to equip others for their research in agriculture. He doesn’t like fame too though he has made great contributions to the world. He’s really respectable.
Reading ( 8ms ) Read the text and answer the following questions:
1. Why did Dr Yuan want to increase the rice output when he was young? 2. How does he help rid the world of hunger? 3. What kind of life is Dr Yuan leading? 4. Use a few words to describe Dr Yuan’s personality.
1. Why did Dr Yuan want to increase the rice output when he was young? Dr Yuan wanted to increase the rice output because he saw many people go hungry when he was young. 2. How does he help rid the world of hunger? He helps the world get rid of hunger by producing a hybrid strain of rice which increase the harvest.
3. What kind of life is Dr Yuan leading? Dr Yuan is leading a simple life, doing his research, listening to his music and riding his motor-bike. 4. Use a few words to describe Dr Yuan’s personality. Dr Yuan is a simple, academic man who is more interested in helping others than being famous.
Detail reading ( 8ms )
Please write down the smaller heading giving a little more information according to the large headings as follows:
A pioneer for all people
He wants everyone to call him a farmer. His biography. His personality. His dreams.
He wants everyone to call him a farmer. His biography.
His personality. His dreams.
He wants everyone to call him a farmer.
? A scientist works the land.
? Sunburnt face and arms, slim ,strong body. ? Grow hybrid rice. ? The first agricultural pioneer.
In 1931, he was born. In 1953, he graduated and devoted his life to finding ways to grow rice. Last year,twenty billion tons of rice was produced. Now, Dr Yuan is circulating his kownledge.
He is satisfied with his life. Why is he satisfied with his life? Because he doesn’t like money and fame.
? The first dream. ? The second dream.
Discussion ( 8ms )
Do you want to end the famine(饥荒)in the world ?If you had the chance to do something to help end hunger in the world, what would you do ?
The measures taken to deal with hunger
Invent a new kind of plant to produce more food. Find a sort of fertilizer(肥料)to give rice enough nutrition. Stop the pollution to the environment and protect the soil in the field.
Assignment Surf the Internet to find more information about farming and you are expected to present it to your classmates in the next class.
放到一旁的桌子上，拉刘氏在炕沿上坐了，说“什么事儿啊嫂子？看把你急的！”刘氏忍不住眼泪了，撩起衣襟来擦擦，说： “俺侄儿刚才来了，说是俺娘昨儿个晚上临睡前摔了一跤，到后半夜就说不利索话了，一个劲儿地嘟囔加比划着，要俺回去 呢??”不等刘氏说完，裴氏就说：“哦，是这事儿啊！你干着急没有用的，这就赶快回去照看老人哇！还有哇，你只管放心 多住些日子好好照顾着，家里的事情不用结记啊，董大哥他们爷儿几个如果有什么需要俺帮忙做的，让妮儿过来说一声就行 了！”刘氏说：“俺过来，主要是和你说咱们今儿个过节的事儿呢。俺想啊，只是他们爷儿几个随便吃个饺子，妮儿还是可以 包了的，只是这炒菜什么的，她可就不上了手了。还有，今儿个晚上拜月什么的，没有俺在，恐怕还真得不行呢！”裴氏赶快 说：“你放心照顾你娘去哇！吃了早饭，俺就让青山去说给耿嫂子，今儿个中午来俺们家吃饺子哇。还有啊，今儿个晚上，咱 们三家还在俺家拜月不就得了！”刘氏放心地说：“那就还是麻烦你和秀儿了。俺端过来的，是昨儿个晚上才刚做好的凉菜， 你们中午就不用再做凉菜了！”送走刘氏后，秀儿对娘说：“多大的事儿啊，看把她急的！俺还想让兰兰和俺大娘来咱们家吃 饺子呢！”裴氏说：“你不知道，她主要是着急她那老娘的病呢！上了年纪的人，就怕摔跤！”早饭后，裴氏吩咐青山：“去 告诉你耿大娘，让她和兰兰今儿个中午来俺们家吃饺子吧！你们大壮哥他姥娘病了，他表哥一早就跑来把他娘接走了。还有， 再说给你耿大娘，今儿个晚上，大家还在俺们家一起拜月！”然后，娘儿俩就为中午丰盛的节日饭菜忙活开了。听了青山转告 他娘的话，郭氏也没有客气什么，只说：“好啊，那大娘和你兰妹妹还去地里掰玉米了。中午回来就上你们家吃现成的饺子 去！”中午时分，郭氏和耿兰从地里回来后，不请自到按时过耿憨家来。进屋看到几大拍拍儿白腾腾的大饺子已经包好了，裴 氏娘儿俩正在收拾几个小炒菜呢。看到郭氏和耿兰来了，裴氏高兴地说：“嫂子，兰兰，你们快坐了歇着，咱们的饭菜很快就 好啦！”耿兰要帮着烧水，秀儿拦了，说：“兰兰，你坐了歇着，有姐呢！”说着就在大铁锅里添上水，生了火慢慢地烧着。 一会儿，耿憨和两个儿子也回来了。父子们洗手擦脸后，和郭氏娘儿俩在炕桌周围坐了喝水说话，裴氏就在小炉灶上开始炒菜 了。当几个热炒菜都炒好了摆上炕桌时，秀儿也把半锅水烧开了，裴氏端起几大拍拍儿白腾腾的大饺子一股脑儿下到大铁锅里， 秀儿加了柴火用力拉风箱烧着。裴氏用大铜勺推一推下到锅里的饺子，然后盖上锅盖，转身把刘氏一早端过来的凉拌海带丝和 芥菜丝也摆了上来，笑着对郭氏娘儿俩说：“这两个凉菜是壮子他娘今儿个