高一英语reading-and-word-power-江苏教育版


Unit 3 Back to the past
Reading Lost civilizations⑴

Pompeii

Loulan

?Where are the places in the pictures? ?What have you known about them? ?What else do you want to know about them?

A Read the diary entries quickly and answer these questions.
1. What country is the author from? Canada. 2. What is one main similarity between Pompeii and Loulan?
Both of them became lost civilization about 2,000 years ago. 3. Who was made director of the Pompeii dig in 1860? The Italian archaeologist Giuseppe Fiorelli. 4. Who is Professor Zhang? An archaeologist from the local cultural institute.

C1 How well did you understand the details in the diary? Read it
again carefully and answer the following questions.

1. What happened to Pompeii in August AD 79?
Mount Vesuvius erupted and lava, ash and rocks poured out of it onto the surrounding countryside. All the people in Pompeii were buried alive, and so was the city.

2. How was the buried city discovered?
It was discovered in the 18th century when a farmer found some stone with writing on it. People started to dig in the area for treasure, which caused much damage. So in 1860, the Italian archaeologist Giuseppe Fiorelli was made director of the Pompeii dig.

3. What were the stepping stones along the road in Pompeii used for?
With the stones, people did not have to step in the mud in the streets on rainy days.

4. Why was Loulan an important city about 2,000 years ago?
Because it was a stopping point on the famous Silk Road between the East and the West

5. How do many people think Loulan disappeared?
It was gradually covered over by sandstorms from AD 200 to AD 500.

6. According to the last sentence, how did the author feel about the loss of Loulan?
She felt that it was a pity!

C2 The writers of diaries often record feelings or opinions
(emotions) as well as what they have done(actions). Do the sentences below express emotions(E) or actions(A)?

1 I feel lucky to have won a place
on this trip. 2 This morning we went to a lecture about Pompeii. 3 Unfortunately, all the people

E/A
E/A E/A E/A

were buried alive, and so was
the city ! 4 How amazing !

5 People started to dig in the area for treasure. 6 When I walked around the city, I saw streets just as they had been.

E/A

E/A E/A

7 I am so excited to be here!
8 Sven found the remains of building buried under the sand.

E/A

D2 Find the following words in the text and decide what they
refer to.

1 the city
2 which

Pompeii

the fact that people started to dig in the area for treasure
near Pompeii Loulan

3 there 4 it 5 that

the fact that the desert was once a green land with enormous trees

Reading strategy: reading diary entries
When you are reading diary entries recording someone’s travels, you should look for: ⑴ ⑵ ⑶ dates and place names facts and historical information personal feelings and opinions

Find the historical information about Pompeii and Loulan.
Pompeii time in the 8th century in 89 BC event
It was founded.

It was taken over by the Romans.
Mount Vesuvius erupted. Giuseppe Fiorelli was made director of the Pompeii dig.

on 24th Aug. AD 79 in 1860
Loulan 2000 years ago from AD 200 to AD 500 100 years ago

It existed as a commercial city.
It was covered over gradually by sand storms. It was discovered by a Swedish explorer.

Discussion 1. Is it useful for people to study things from the past? Why or why not?

2. Since as long ago as 1553 people have said,
‘History repeats itself.’ What do you think this saying means? Do you agree with it? Why or why not?

Homework 1. Read the passage carefully and review the new words and phrases. 2. Make a summary of the text.

Unit 3 Back to the past
Reading Lost civilizations⑵

Fill in the blanks with proper words.
Both Pompeii in ________and Loulan in China Italy became ____ ________ about 2000 years Iost civilizations ago. Pompeii was ________ founded in the 8th century BC and was _____ taken _______ over by the Romans in 89BC. On 24th Aug.AD79, Mount Vesuvius erupted and the city were _______ _________ buried alive __________. Loulan was a _________ stopping _________ on the Silk Road. It disappeared point storm There are just a few under the ________. _________ left. Some _________, ruins treasure such as coins and painted pots, was found.

Give the English words according to the definitions. ?(of a volcano)throw out of lava and ash ? act or speak for a group ? sadly ,unluckily ? rich erupt represent

unfortunately wealthy
ruins enormous take over

? parts of a building that remain after it has been badly damaged or destroyed
? huge ? take control of ? provide space for

house

Word study
1. represent vt.
1) act or speak for a group

The competition attracted over 500 contestants representing 8 different countries. The President was represented at the ceremony by the Vice-President. 2) to be a symbol of
Each color on the chart represents a different department. The rose represents a different department.

2. take over: take control of
The army has The firm has taken over the party. by a the

been taken over took over

large company.
When he was ill his son

business.

3. unfortunately

adv. unluckily, regrettably

Unfortunately , he was injured in the first game. Unfortunately ,I won’t be able to attend the meeting.

unfortunate

adj.

It was an unfortunate accident. It is unfortunate that you missed the meeting.

4. alive

adj. living, not dead

She was still alive when she was sent to the hospital. He was buried alive in the earthquake.

*live, living, lively
She’s a lively fish live live child and popular with everyone.

coverage of the World Cup

living languages

5. destroy

vt. to damage sth. so badly that it no longer exists, works

The building was destroyed by fire. They’ve destroyed all the evidence. Her husband was killed in the war, which_________ destroyed her hopes of happiness.

6. house

vt. to provide a space for

The government will take measures to house the refugees. The gallery houses 2000 works of modern art.

7. prevent sb./sth. (from) doing sth.: stop sb. from doing sth.
Nothing will prevent us (from) reaching our aims.
I was preventedby illness from taking the exam.

8.

Tom has been to the Great Wall twice,

and so has his sister . (他妹妹也去过两次)
If you go there, so shall I . (我也去)


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