Skills for Main Idea in Reading Comprehension 高考阅读理解主旨大意题答题技巧与策略指导
Students are going to: 1. learn some useful skills in getting the main idea; 2. summarize the question forms and characteristics of choices in the reading for main idea;
2. Pay attention to the conclusive(总结的) words such as__________________, etc. Exercise 3 In a world with limited land, water and other natural resources(资源), the harm from the traditional business model is on the rise. The past decade has seen more and more forests disappearing and the globe becoming increasingly warm. Actually, people now realize that this unhealthy situation must be changed, and that we must be able to develop in sustainable(可持续 的)ways. That means growth with low carbon or development of sustainable products. In other words, we should keep the earth healthy while using its supply of natural resources. (87words) 45. What’s the author ’s purpose in writing the passage? ( A. To introduce a new business model. C. To predict a change of the global market. ) B. To compare two business models. D. To support sustainable development.
Greetings and leading in 导入
Enjoy Nick’s speech and answer some questions.
Step 2 Practice and Summary 训练与归纳总结
Task 1 Finding out the topic sentence Exercise 1 Grown-ups are often surprised by how well they remember something they learned as children but have never practiced ever since. A man who has not had a chance to go swimming for years can still swim as well as ever when he gets back in the water. He can get on a bicycle after many years and still ride away. He can play catch and hit a ball as well as his son. A mother who has not thought about the words for years can teach her daughter the poem that begins "Twinkle, twinkle, little star" or remember the story of Cinderella or Goldilocks and the Three Bears.（108words） 67. What is the main idea of the paragraph? ( A. Grown-ups have a poor memory. C. Poem reading is a good way to learn words. ) D. Stories for children are easy to remember. B. People remember well what they learned in childhood.
[技巧三] 1. The topic sentence may be in the ______________ of a paragraph or passage. 2. Pay attention to the connectives(连接词) such as ________________________, etc. Task 2 What to do when topic sentence cannot be found Exercise 4 Magellan’s men were the first to make the trip around the world. It took them more than two years to do so by ship. Magellan was from Portugal, but he sailed for the King of Spain. On September 20, 1519, he left Spain with five ships and 240 men. After passing the trip of South America, they reached the Pacific Ocean, on which they sailed more than one year. Very often they could not see a piece of land for months and they suffered greatly from the lack of food and fresh water. Many of them died of hunger and diseases. They even had to live on sawdust. Finally in April 1521, Magellan got to the Philippine Islands, where he was killed. His men fled and continued their voyage across the Indian Ocean. It was with the greatest difficulty that they passed the Cape of Good Hope. By the time they returned to Spain on December 21, 1521, seven out of every eight men had died. Magellan’s voyage proved that men could sail around the world and that our earth is a huge ball. (183words) Q: Which of the following do you think is the best title for this passage? ( A. Magellan’s Death. ) C. The World Is Round. B. Going around the World. D. Magellan’s Voyage. )
[技巧一] The topic sentence may be at the _____________ of a paragraph or passage. Exercise 2 Imagination and fantasy can play an important role in achieving the things we fear. Children know this very well. Fred Epstein，in his book If I Make It to Five，tells a story about Tom,…He came through several operations and a lot of pain by mastering his imagination… …… It doesn't mean that you should dress as a superhero for your next job interview. But， next time you are tested in a way that seems impossible, imagine what it would take to overcome it…So, let your imagination run wild, and dare to dream. (97words) 30. What is the main purpose of the passage? ( A. To tell us an interesting story. C. To advise us to care about children. B. To help us make right decisions. D. To encourage us to use our imagination.
[技巧四] First, get the main idea of each paragraph. Second, sum up the main idea of all the paragraphs. Third, compare it with the choices to see which one is the best.
[技巧二] 1. The topic sentence may be at the _____________ of a paragraph or passage.
Step 3 Summary of Question Forms 提问方式总结
1. What is the main idea of this passage? ( ___________类) 2. What’s the author ’s purpose in writing the passage? （___________ 类） 3. What can be the best title for the text? （__________ 类）
and producing wastes, people may be changing the global climate in unpredictable and possibly harmful ways．Thus, the adaptive success of the present-day global culture of production and trade may be temporary． 【小题 1】What is the first paragraph mainly talking about? A．How the human beings survived in the Ice Age． B．What the situation was like during the Ice Age． C．What caused the Ice Age to come to an end． D．Why the Ice Age was very important． 【小题 2】Which of the following can be the best title of the passage? A．Natural Environment Should Be Protected． B．The Success of Cultural Adaptation Is Not Permanent． C．The Global Population Is Increasing Since Ice Age． D．Human Beings Are Capable of Surviving on Earth.
Step5 Homework assignment
Culture helps human societies survive in changing natural environment．For example, the end of the last Ice Age, beginning about 15,000 years ago, brought a big challenge to which humans had to adapt．Before this time, large parts of the northern hemisphere were covered in great sheets of ice that contained much of the earth' s water．In North America, large animals that wandered the vast tundra （冰原） provided people with food and materials for clothing and simple shelters．When the earth became warm, large Ice Age animals disappeared, and many land areas were covered by rising sea levels from melting ice．But people survived, they developed new technologies and learned how to survive on new plant and animal species． Finally some people settled into permanent villages, durable houses and farms． Cultural adaptation has made humans one of the most successful species on the planet． Through history, major developments in technology, medicine, and nutrition have allowed people to reproduce and survive in ever-increasing numbers．The global population has risen from 8 million during the Ice Age to about 6 billion today． However, the successes of culture adaptation can also create problems in the long run．Over the last 200 years, people have begun to use large quantities of natural resources and energy and to produce a great amount of material and chemical wastes．The global population now consumes some important natural resources—such as petroleum, wood, and minerals—faster than nature can produce them．Many scientists believe that in the process of burning fuels