高中英语 Module1 British and American English测试题1 外研版必修5

Module 1
第一部分: 听力(略) 第二部分:英语知识运用(共两节,满分 45 分) 单项填空(共 15 小题;每小题 1 分,满分 15 分) 1.Peter is different ______ his brothers and sisters ________ many ways. A to; in B with; from C from; with D from; in 2. Kate is only two years old. She has difficulty ______ English word. pronounce B. to pronounce C. pronounces D. pronouncing 3. It doesn’t ______ if you are late to my party. I just want you to come. A. make any difference B. have no difference C. make any sense D. have any similarity 4. News soon _______ that he had resigned from the job. A. got around B. got along C. got at D. got by 5. — Oh, my God. I forgot my purse in the shop. — Oh, not again. Why ____ you always ______ something? A. do; leave B. did; leave C. are; leaving D. have; left 6. —Hurry up! Sam and John are waiting for us at entrance of cinema. — I thought they without us . A.went B.are going C.have gone D.had gone 7. It is very flat in the east of the country ______ there are hills and mountains in the west. A. and B. while C. when D. as 8. —Which one should I take, the red one or the black one? —______. A.You decide B. That’s it C. It’s up to you D. You got it 9. Mr. Smith _____ me to buy several ______ eggs for the dinner party. A. asked; dozen B. suggested; dozens of C. suggested; dozen D. persuaded; dozens of 10. Would you please give this book toJane as soon as she______? A. arrives B. will arrive C. arrived D. has arrived 11. I have not enough money left, so my______ at a Christmas cake had to be thrown away. A. make B. try C. attempt D. result 12. I don’t care other people’s opinion about her. I admire her. _______, she is a great writer. A. In all B. After all C. In other words D. at all 13.I think one of the duties of a postman to send letters and newspaper. A. it B. that C. this D. /


14. If you want to succeed in doing an important thing, you must ____ it. A. refer to B. keep up C. stick to D. make use of 15. This is a _______ word because it has two meanings. A. confused B. mixed C. confusing D. mixing 第二节 完形填空(共 20 小题;每小题 1.5 分,共 30 分) This was not going to be an easy day. My best friend's father died on Thursday after a long 16 . Elizabeth really needed me to attend the 17 with her, but I'd never been to an ___18____service before. I felt very uncomfortable as I put on a freshly __19___, white-collared shirt and dress slacks(宽松的裤子). I wondered, "Do I really have to go to this?" As I 20 back over the last couple of days, I got my answer. My friend 21 down the street from me. Our families 22 sometimes to cook. I always 23 playing at her house. Her dad was 24 and kind. He always asked, "How're you doing?" and really listened to the 25 . He had a shed(小屋) in the backyard and it was his workshop. He'd let us come out there with him and build with scraper. His workshop was very 26 and orderly. I helped him build a bird feeder once. He fed lots of 27 in their back yard. Elizabeth's dad also had a bus 28 . For many years, he drove us kids on field trips and to sports events. Once he was 29 with a serious heart condition, he decided it would be __30 not to drive a vehicle full of children. 31 , he always had a kind word and hug for us. His heart eventually failed, and he 32 quietly in his sleep. Elizabeth 33 her dad's condition was serious, but it was still very hard because just that morning he had been 34 for a family camping trip. He never really let people see 35 weak he was getting. 16. A. illness B. way C. time D. run 17. A. meeting B. funeral C. competition D. class 18. A.informal B. sorrowful C.crowded D. memeorial 19. A.pressed B.squeezed C. borrowed D.got 20. A. turned B. went C. ran D. thought 21. A. lived B. looked C. came D. lied 22. A. got up B. got together C. got through D. got over 23. A. thought B. hoped


C. enjoyed D. wished 24. A. cruel B. hard C. clear D. friendly 25. A. answer B. question C. radio D. word 26. A. big B. neat C. strong D. dirty 27. A. birds B. pigs C. sheep D. dogs 28. A. lesson B. driver C. picture D. license 29. A. diagnosed B. hit C. beaten D. faced 30. A. lucky B. last C. best D.bad 31. A. Because B. So C. Besides D. However 32. A. passed away B. passed on C. passed along D. passed over 33. A. believed B. knew C. asked D. touched 34. A. thinking B. seeing C. preparing D. talking 35. A. how B. what C. which D. why 第三部分:阅读理解(共 10 小题;每小题 2 分,满分 20 分) A

While there are certainly many more varieties of English, American and British English are the two main varieties. Generally, it is agreed that no version is "correct", however, there are certainly preferences in use. The most important rule is to try to be consist ent(一致) in your usage. If you decide to use American English, then be consistent in your spelling (i.e. “The color of the orange is also its flavour…” – color is American spelling and flavour is British). This is of course not always easy or possible. The following guide is meant to point out the principal differences between these two varieties of English. In British English the present perfect is used to express an action that has occurred in the recent past that has an effect on the present moment. For example: I've lost my key. Can you help me look for it? In American English the following is also possible: I lost my key. Can you help me look for it? In British English the above would be considered incorrect. However, both forms are


generally accepted in standard American English. Other differences involving the use of the present perfect in British English and the simple past in American English include already, just and yet. British English: I've already seen that film. American English: I've already seen that film. OR I already saw that film. There are two forms to express possession in English: “Have” or “Have got”. Do you have a car? Have you got a car? While both forms are correct (and accepted in both British and American English), “have got” is generally the preferred form in British English while most speakers of American English only use “have”. 36.What is the best title of the passage? A. How to use British English B. How to learn English C. The differences between American and British English D. The similarities between American and British English 37. What do British think of the sentence“Kate read the novel. But she wants read it again”. A. They think it is right. B. They think it is incorrect. C. They think it is difficult to judge. D. They think it depends 38.When a person who wants to express “someone owns something” , he thinks of the words “have got”, he might come from_____. A. London B. New York C.California D.Soul B

Outdoor picnics and parties are very popular in America in the summertime. Visit any park between Memorial Day (end of May) and Labor Day (beginning of September) and you'll find families and groups of friends enjoying the warm weather and sharing a meal. Birthday celebrations, family reunions, sporting events and holidays are all common reasons to host a get-together. But just wanting to be outside on a nice summer day is the best reason! Food is an important part of any gathering, and in the summer Americans love to cook outside on grills (烧烤架) . All kinds of meats, such as hamburgers, hot dogs, chicken and sausages, and even vegetables like corn, peppers or potatoes can be cooked on the grill. Many typical families have grills in their yards, and many parks also have grills for public use. Men seem to particularly like to do the job of barbecuing the food, even if they don't usually cook at any other time. Many have “secret recipes” for a delicious barbecue sauce(调味料). Other guests at the party will often be asked to “ bring a dish to share”. This means that they will make some kind of side dish (a salad or vegetable) or dessert,


and share it with the others. If you make something very delicious, people may want you to make it every time! Fried chicken and sandwiches are popular at picnics too, because you eat them with your hands. Potato salads a nd baked beans are favorite side dishes. 39. According to the passage, Americans hold outdoor activities in ______. A. April B. October C. January D. June 40. According to the passage, who generally barbecues the meat at ga therings? A. men B. women C. the old D. the young 41. Which of the following statements is True? A. It is forbidden to barbecue in all American parks . B. Americans don’t like beans at all. C. If your friends like your side dish very much , they will want you to cook it again next time. D. Americans don’t like outdoor activities very much.

C Speaking in any language is all about imitating (模仿) other people. You want to be able to speak like native speakers do. Before you can form your own correct sentences, you first need to see lots of similar ones in the language you are learning. When you speak in your native language, you don't have to think about the grammar or the words you use. Correct sentences just come to you. In fact, your brain uses sentences you've already seen or heard. If you want to speak a foreign language fluently, you have to learn it the way you learn ed your native language--- by massive(大量的) input. Reading and listening will help you develop language intuition(直觉). It's all about putting lots of correct sentences in your head. Then your brain can imitate them, producing similar sentences to express the meaning you want. When you read and listen a lot, paying attention to useful vocabulary, you will soon start to use new words and phrases in your speaking and writing, and you will develop language intuition. You will start to feel what sounds good and what sounds bad --- just as you do in your native language. It may seem like you need more time to learn a language by reading and listening, as opposed (相反的)to learning based on grammar rules. For example, to get a good feeling for the use of articles in English you need to read lots of sentences, analyzing them closely. Wouldn't it be easier to rea d a unit on articles in a grammar book? Well, the problem is that it takes lots of time to build a sentence when you have to think of grammar rules. When you talk to someone, you don't have time for that. The input-based approach may seem to be more demanding, but it's the only way to achieve fluency. 42. According to the passage, if you want to speak a foreign language like a native speaker, you must_________.


A. learn grammar very well B. input many sentences in your head C. read many books in the foreign language D. write many compositions 43. Which of the following sentences can explain the meaning of language intuition? A. Ability to understand a foreign language. B. Ability to use a foreign language without thinking about it. C. Ab ility to speak a foreign language. D. Ability to imitate a native speaker. 44. In the author’s view, what plays an important role in developing language intuition? A. Listening and Reading B. Writing and Listening C. Reading and Translating D. Listening and Translating 45.According to the passage, which of the following statements is NOT true? A. You can speak your native language without think about grammar. B. Before you can speak your native you must hear millions of sentences. C. The input-based approach is the only way to speak a language fluently. D. Grammar is no use at all. 第四部分:写作(共两节,满分 25 分) 第一节 单词拼写(共 10 小题;每小题 1 分,满分 10 分) 46. Judging from his a_____, we can infer that he is form Hunan. 47. We can find the mistakes he made is o_____. 48. We must value u_______ resources as oil, coal, and gas. 49. Whether he will come or not makes no d_____. 50. The moon is a s_____ of the earth. 51. The case is so _____(使人迷惑的)that no one can work it out. 52.He is a doctor. He knows the _____(构造)of the human body. 53.His book is ____(相似)to mine. 54._____(比较)the two words carefully and tell me the difference. 55.The dictionary sold in the shop is in the latest ______.(版本) 第二节 书面表达。 (15 分) 几位外国旅游者到公园的“英语角”参观。 假定你是“英语角”的负责人, 请用英语准备一 段介绍,内容如下: 1.简况:“英语角”三年前成立,许多中学生参加,至今已有几百人.许多大学生和外国友 人也常光顾。 2.活动内容:练习英语会话, 谈论有趣的话题,交流学习英语的经验。 3.活动时间:每周日上午。 4.效果:通过参加活动学习了许多东西,对英语课堂学习是一个补充。学生、家长、老 师都非常欢迎,认为对学英语很有帮助。如果还想了解更多,可问在场的学生。 参考词汇: 对……的补充:a supplement to… 附加题:阅读表达(共 10 分)


阅读下面短文,然后用英语简洁回答文后所给的五个问题。 Many young people find it tempting to drink alcohol by sneaking some with their friends at parties. They think____________. They think they won't look cool if they do n't have any. Is this behavior really harmless though? Well, first and foremost, in the United States, it is illegal for anyone under the age of 21 to drink alcohol. Even though those over 21 can legally consume it doesn't. Alcohol is a drug. It can be found in beer, wine, and other kinds of liquor. Why is alcohol considered a drug? Well, a drug causes changes in a person's physical and emotional state. Alcohol does this as well. No form of alcohol is considered perfectly safe. Alcohol has several short-term and long-term effects on the human mind and body. The short-term effects of alcohol are those that are a result of drinking on a particular day. These effects may vary from person to person depending on how much alcohol the person had that particular time, how much food is in the person's stomach at the moment, any medicine or other drugs present in the human's body, the person's size, the individual's gender, and interestingly enough, the genetic factors of the person. Alcohol also has some dramatic short-term effects on the person's mind. Alcohol is a depressant(镇静剂). Alcohol slows down the body's nervous system. After one drink, a person may feel more relaxed. After two drinks the person is unable to make good decisions or cope with anything difficult. The individual loses his inhibitions, or natural limits of behavior. After more than that, a person's eyes can't focus, he or she will slur(忽视) sounds, lose coordination, and have mood swings. A person may do things that he would never have done without drinki ng because the alcohol has caused the person to lose judgment. 1. What is the best title of the passage? (Please answer within 10 words.) 2. Which sentence in the passage can be replaced by the following one? Alcohol has the same effect. 3. Please fill in the blank in the first paragraph with proper words or phrases to complete the sentence. (Please answer within 10 words.) 4. Is it fit for students to try some alcohol ? Why? (Please answer within 30 words.) 5. Translate the underlined sentence in the second paragraph into Chinese.


参考答案 21-25 DDAAC 26-30 DBCAA 31-35 CBACC 36-40 ABDAD 41-45 ABCDA 46-50 BADAC 51-55 DABCA 56- 60 BACDA 61-65 CBBAD 66. accent 67. obvious 68. underground 69. difference 70. satellite 71. confusing 72. structure 73. similar 74. Compare 75. edition One possible version: The English Corner was set up three years ago. Many middle school students have come to take part in it. The number of the participants has reached several hundred. Many college students and foreign friends often come here. They practice English dialogues, talk about the interesting topics and communicate with each other about their English learning experience. The activity is held every Sunday morning. Many students feel that they have learnt a lot by joining it. They think it a supplement to their English learning in class. The parents and teachers all like it very much. They think it’s helpful for the students. That’s what I want to say. If you want to know more, please communicate with the students here. Thank you. 附加题: Effects of Alcohol on the Body 2. Alcohol does this as well. ( in the third paragraph) this behavior is harmless / this behavior is not harmful No, I don’t think so. Because alcohol causes chang es in a person’s physical and emotional state. It has several bad effects on the human mind and body. 第一,也是最重要的,不满二十一岁的美国公民喝酒是非法的。 重点解析 25. C。现在进行时常与 always, continually, constantly, all the time 等频度状语连 用, 表示反复出现的或习惯性的动作。往往带有说话人的感情色彩,如赞扬、遗憾、讨厌或 不满等。根据句意,应该选 C。 33. A。句型“think it+形容词或名词+to do” 表示“认为做某事是……” 。其中的 it 做 形式宾语,真正的宾语是后面的动词不定式。所以答案选择 A。 58. C。本题属于篇章大意题。全文重点讲述的是英式英语和美式英语在语法和表达方面的 一些重要的区别。所以选择 C。 62. B。本题属于细节题。根据文章第一段“任何一门语言的学习都是模仿。在自己可以说 出正确的句子之前,你需要首先看到许多这种语言中的相似的句子。 ”所以需要先输入大量 的句子,所以答案应该选择 B。



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