牛津译林版选修十unit 1《building the future》word教案2

Reading--- Give a man a fish 1. In 1985, there was little rainfall in Ethiopia, which led to destroyed harvests and killed cattle.(P2) 1985 年,埃塞俄比亚几乎没有降雨,这导致收 成损毁,牛蓄死亡。 1.lead to 1) 通向 All roads lead to Rome. 条条大路通罗马. 2) 导致 Reducing speed limits should lead to fewer deaths on the roads. lead …to (some place) 带领…去(某地) The waiter led us to our table. lead… to do =cause …to do 导致…做 What led you to believe this? 高考链接: 1. --- It took me ten years to build up my business, and it almost killed me. --- Well, you know what they say. _________. A. There is no smoke without fire B. Practice makes perfect C. All roads lead to Rome D. No pains, no gains 2. Once a decision has been made , all of us should it . A.direct to B.stick to C.lead to D.refer to 答案及解析: 1. D. All roads lead to Rome.条条大路通罗马。 2. B. stick to 坚持,不放弃 2. cattle 用作为复数的集体名词 It seems the cattle on the sides of the dikes were the only living creatures in these desolate surroundings. people,police,cattle、poultry,goods 作主语时,谓语用复数. The people in the city are very friendly. The police are searching for the murderer. The cattle are grazing near the river. All the goods have arrived. 2. The concert took place on 13 July 1985 in two locations—in London and in Philadelphia—and included the biggest stars of the time.(P2) 1985 年 7 月 13 日, 音乐会在 伦敦和费城两地举行,出席者包括了当时最红的巨星。 take place 发生,举行 [词义辨析] take place, happen, occur, come about 和 break out 用法区别 这些词或短语都有“发生”的意思,但用法各不相同,区别如下: (1). take place 表示“发生、举行、举办”,一般指非偶然性事件的“发生”,即这种事件的发生 一定有某种原因或事先的安排,例如: Great changes have taken place in our hometown during the past ten years. The Olympic Games of 2008 will take place in Beijing. (2) .happen 作“发生、碰巧”解,一般用于偶然或突发性事件,例如: What happened to you? (一般不说:What did you happen?) Maybe something unexpected happened. I happened to see him on my way home. = It happened that I saw him on my way home. (3). occur 作“发生、想到、突然想起”解,其意义相当于 happen,例如: What has occurred? (=What has happened?) A big earthquake occurred (=happened) in the south of China last month. It occurred to me that she didn’t know I had moved into the new house. (4). come about 表示“发生、产生”,多指事情已经发生了,但还不知道为什么,常用于疑问 句和否定句,例如: When Mother woke up, she didn’t know what had come about. I’ll never understand how it came about that you were late three times a week. Do you know how the air accident came about? (5). break out 意思为“发生、爆发”,常指战争、灾难、疾病或者争吵等事件的发生,也可以 表示突然大声叫喊等,例如: Two world wars broke out last century. A fire broke out in the hospital in the mid-night. After the flood, diseases

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