广州牛津版英语8B_U3_复习提纲

8B 复习提纲
Unit 3 复习提纲
一、短语
1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. 9. 10. 11. 12. 13. 14. 15. 16. 17. 18. 19. 20. 21. 22. 23. 24. …之旅 the trip to… / the tour of… 电 影 制 作 大 赛 a film-making competition 游乐场 an amusement park 作为娱乐 for pleasure/fun 从…中得到乐趣 take pleasure in 拍摄电影 shoot (shot~) films 吓一大跳 jump out of one’s skin 朝…大吼 roar at 闻起来像… smell like… 给…留下深刻印象 make/leave a deep impression on sb 剧烈地震动 shake violently 被淋湿 get wet 看起来像真的 look real 似乎 seem to do 电影明星 film / movie star 扮演角色 act / play a role 根本不 not…at all 担任……工作 work as… 以…作为背景 be set (in) 尽力做某事 try to do (飞机等)起飞,脱下(衣服)take off 与……交朋友 make friends with 清理 clean up 关闭(电/水龙头)turn off 25. 26. 27. 28. 29. 30. 31. 32. 33. 34. 35. 36. 37. 38. 39. 40. 41. 42. 43. 44. 45. 46. 47. 撞到…..bump into 一定是 must be 赚钱 make money …的一个方面 one aspect of… 长大 grow up 一两周 a week or two /one or two weeks 不断做某事 keep doing sth. 一直 all the time 不再 not…any longer / no longer 手机 mobile phone 值得做 be worth doing ……的部分 part of… 一会儿 for a while 打算做某事 be planning to do/ be going to do 考虑做某事 think about/of doing sth. 对…惊奇 be amazed by / at 上演 be on 宁愿(不)做某事 would rather (not) do 开车接送某人 pick sb up 社交活动 social event 几个 a couple of 对 某 人 有 不 良 的 影 响 have a bad influence on sb 有做…的时间 have time to do sth

二、词汇
set (v.) -- setting (n.) music (n.) -- musical (n./ adj.) lone (n.) -- lonely (adj.) ro’mance (n.) -- romantic (adj.) enjoy (v.) -- enjoyable (adj.) move (v.) -- moving / moved (adj.) extreme (adj.) -- extremely (adv.) fun (n.) -- funny (adj.) friend (n.) -- friendship / friendliness (n.) colour (n.) -- colourful (adj.) amaze (v.) -- amazing / amazed (adj.) power (n.) -- powerful (adj.) wonder (n.) -- wonderful (adj.) excite (v.) -- exciting (adj.) tradition (n.) -- traditional (adj.) sudden (adj.) -- suddenly (adv.) fantasy (n.) -- fantastic (adj.) act (v.) -- action / actor / actress (n.) horrible (adj.) -- horror (n.) introduce (v.) -- introduction (n.) lead (v.) -- leading (adj.) end (v.) -- ending (n.) conclude (v.) -- conclusion (n.) so’ciety (n.) -- social (adj.)
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completely (adv.) -- complete (adj./v.) imagine (v.) -- imagination (n.) feel (v.) -- feeling (n.)

luck (n.) -- lucky (adj.) -- luckily (adv.) direct (v.) -- director (n.)

三、语法 1. both…and 谓语复数 not only…but also, neither…nor, either…or 就近原则 as well as, with, along with 与前面的名词保持一致 2. too much, much too & too many 3. try to do & try doing 4. make 的用法 使…成为…make sth./sb. + n. 使…怎样/做某事 make sth./sb. +adj. / v. 5. see sb sth doing & see sb/sth do 6. no one & none 7. whether & if 8. so &such 9. 语法重点:直接引语变为间接引语, 把直接引语改为间接引语时,要注意以下变化: 1) 确定连词&语序 陈述句: (that) 可以省略,语序不变。 主句的谓语动词可直接用引语中的 said, 也可用 told 来代替,注意,可以说 said that, said to sb.that, told sb. that,不可直接说 told that 一般疑问句: if/whether, 语序是陈述句的语序 原主句中谓语动词 said 要改为 asked(me/him/us 等), He said, “Do you have any difficulty with pronunciation?” →He asked (me) whether/if I had any difficulty with my pronunciation. 特殊疑问句: 使用原句疑问词 when, where, who 等, 语序改为陈述句语序 主句的谓语动词用 ask(sb.)来表达 祈使句: 把句子改为以下句式:ask/tell/order sb. (not) to do sth. 2) 转换人称 根据情况做相应的改变, “一随主,二随宾,三不变” 主格:I you he she it we they 宾格: me you him her it us them 形容词:my your his her its our their 名词性物主代词: mine yours his hers its ours theirs 反身代词:myself yourself himself herself ourselves yourselves themselves 3) 时态的转变 主句: 现在时或将来时,从句:不变 She says, “I’ll never forget the days in the country.” She says that she’ll never forget the days in the country. 主句: 过去时,从句: 对应的过去时态 从句中是真理性的时态不变 The geography teacher said, “The sun rises in the east and sets in the west.” →The geography teacher told us that the sun rises in the east and sets in the
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west. 主句是过去时,从句的时态变化 直接引语 一般现在时 现在进行时 现在完成时 一般过去时 am / is do / does /

间接引语 was / were did was / were doing had + done

are 一般过去时 过去进行时 过去完成时

am/is/are doing have / has done was / were did

一般过去时 was/were/did 过去完成时 had + done 一般将来时 am/is/are going to 过去将来时 was / were going to do do will do would do 4) 指示代词和时间状语的变化 this----- that these----- those here----- there now-----then today-----that day tonight---that night tomorrow-----the next day/the following day next week-----the next week two days ago-----two days before yesterday-----the day before last night-----the night before the day before yesterday ---- two days before the day after tomorrow ---- in two days 注意个别趋向动词的变化:come----go, bring----take

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